Course Description: Biblical Studies

Biblical Language: Greek

BSGK 510 New Testament Greek 1 (3 hours)
Part one of a two-part course that introduces the student to the grammar and syntax of Koine Greek (New Testament Greek), with a view towards the translation and exegesis of the New Testament.

BSGK 511 New Testament Greek 2 (3 hours)
Part two of a two-part course that introduces the student to the grammar and syntax of Koine Greek (New Testament Greek), with a view towards the translation and exegesis of the New Testament.

BSGK 611–619 Greek Exegesis (3 hours)
A study of selected New Testament texts. Emphasis is placed on the process of translation and subsequent exegesis of the texts. (Prerequisites: either BSGK 510 & 511 or their equivalents, OR, for students transferring in Greek credit that is the equivalent of BSGK 510 & 511 from another institution, a satisfactory grade on the Greek proficiency exam.)

BSGK 611 Greek Exegesis: Synoptic Gospels

BSGK 612 Greek Exegesis: Readings in Johannine Literature

BSGK 613 Greek Exegesis: Galatians

BSGK 614 Greek Exegesis: The Pastoral and Prison Epistles

BSGK 615 Greek Exegesis: Readings in New Testament Ethics

BSGK 616 Greek Exegesis: Readings in Johannine Literature

BSGK 616 Greek Exegesis: Readings in Pauline Theology

BSGK 619 Greek Exegesis: Selected New Testament Readings

BSGK 790 Greek Directed Study (1–3 hours)
An independent study of New Testament or related Greek to be arranged with specific faculty members, with the approval of the Biblical Studies Department Chair and the Dean of the Seminary. 1-3 hours


Biblical Language: Hebrew

BSHB 510 Biblical Hebrew 1 (3 hours)
Part one of a two-part course that introduces the student to the grammar and syntax of Biblical Hebrew, with a view towards the translation and exegesis of the Hebrew Bible.

BSHB 511 Biblical Hebrew 2 (3 hours)
Part two of a two-part course that introduces the student to the grammar and syntax of Biblical Hebrew, with a view towards the translation and exegesis of the Hebrew Bible.

BSHB 611–616 Hebrew Exegesis (3 hours)
Selected readings designed to develop proficiency in reading and translating Biblical Hebrew. Readings will be selected from books and portions of the Hebrew text, including narrative and poetic materials. (Prerequisites: either BSHB 510 & 511 or their equivalents, OR, for students transferring in Hebrew credit that is the equivalent of BSHB 510 & 511 from another institution, a satisfactory grade on the Hebrew proficiency exam.)

BSHB 611 Hebrew Exegesis: Ruth and Esther

BSHB 612 Hebrew Exegesis: Amos & Micah

BSHB 613 Hebrew Exegesis: Selected Texts

BSHB 614 Hebrew Exegesis: Life of David

BSHB 615 Hebrew Exegesis: Elijah and Elisha

BSHB 616 Hebrew Exegesis: Judges

BSHB 621 Aramaic: Daniel
A study primarily of the Aramaic portion of Daniel, with a view toward its translation and exegesis.

BSHB 790 Hebrew/ANE Language Directed Study (1–3 hours)
An independent study of biblical Hebrew or related languages to be arranged with specific faculty members, with the approval of the Biblical Studies Department Chair and the Dean of the Seminary.


Biblical & Cultural Settings

BSCS 500 Lands and Lifeways of the Biblical World (3 hours)
A study of environmental, cultural, and social issues that shaped life in the Biblical world. (Also Offered Online)

BSCS 501 Archaeology in the Old Testament World (3 hours)
A survey of the points of contact between the archaeological investigation of the ancient Near East and the study of the Old Testament. Material culture that illustrates lifeways in Old Testament times is emphasized.

BSCS 502 Archaeology in the New Testament World (3 hours)
A survey of the points of contact between the archaeological investigation of the Greco-Roman world and the study of the New Testament. Material culture that illustrates lifeways in New Testament times is emphasized.

BSCS 580 Cultural Settings in the Biblical World Seminar (3 hours)
A focused study offered according to the expertise of instructors and interests of students. May be repeated for credit.

BSCS 650-655 History of Israel (3 hours)
A survey of sources and contexts used in the study of the history of Israel.

BSCS 650 Period of Origins (also listed as BSOT 650)

BSCS 651 The Monarchy (also listed as BSOT 651)

BSCS 652 The Exile and the End of an Era (also listed as BSOT 652)

BSCS 653 The Intertestamental Period (also listed as BSOT 653 and BSNT 653)

BSCS 654 Late 2nd Temple Judaism (also listed as BSNT 654)

BSCS 655 Christianity and the Greco-Roman Period (also listed as BSNT 655)

BSCS 680 Archaeological Fieldwork (3 hours)
Guided participation in the excavation and study of an ancient Near Eastern or Greco-Roman site. Study to be arranged with specific faculty members, with the approval of the Biblical Studies Chair and the Dean of the Seminary.

BSCS 681 Study Tours in the Biblical World (3 hours)
The experience of travel study in Bible lands organized by specific faculty and scholarly guides. Pre-travel reading and post-travel writing projects are assigned.

BSCS 790 Directed Study in Cultural Settings (1–3 hours)
Independent study to be arranged with specific faculty members, with the approval of the Biblical Studies Department Chair and the Dean of the Seminary.

BSCS 799 Thesis in Cultural Settings 3 hours

Biblical Interpretation & Cultural Criticism

BSEG 500 Introduction to Biblical Studies (3 hours)
An introduction to the history, literature, and interpretation of the Bible for students without requisite academic preparation in Biblical studies. This course or the equivalent is a prerequisite to all other Bible courses. (Also Offered Online)

BSEG 510 Introduction to Biblical Interpretation (3 hours)
A survey of methods of Biblical exegesis, with a view to the needs of practical ministry. This course prepares students to produce sermons, lessons, and small group materials. (Also Offered Online)

BSEG 521 Digital Resources & Strategies for Research
This course is a hermeneutics course designed to guide students through the effective analysis and use of original languages in the exegesis of biblical texts. Students will access the original languages through the Accordance software application and learn how to utilize that tool effectively to study the text in its historico-linguistic setting. Students will then be guided through important research techniques and resources necessary to facilitate achieving a well-informed exegetical perspective that will serve as the foundation for sermons and lessons. Finally, students will be instructed on writing, composition and citation practices that help them to communicate their research in either academic papers, or sermons and lessons. (Prerequisite: BSEG 510 or equivalent)

BSEG 600 Issues in Biblical Interpretation (3 hours)
A survey of historical and contemporary trends in the field of Biblical studies, exploring interpretive approaches to the text and the relationship between these approaches and theological conclusions. Prerequisite: BSEG 510 or equivalent. (Also Offered Online)

BSEG 680 Bible in Contemporary Culture 3 hours)
A study of the way the Bible is used in contemporary culture and its impact upon social norms and popular interpretation of the Biblical message. Close attention is paid to the strategies according to which one may effectively analyze, critique and describe such usage with a view towards enabling students to function as productive interpreters of the culture surrounding the church.

BSEG 790 Directed Study in Biblical Interpretation (1-3 hours)
Independent study to be arranged with specific faculty members, with the approval of the Biblical Studies Department Chair and the Dean of the Seminary.


Old Testament

BSOT 500 Old Testament Foundations (3 hours)
An introduction to the history, literature, and interpretation of the Old Testament for students without requisite academic preparation in OT studies. This course or the equivalent is a prerequisite to all other BSOT courses.

BSOT 600 Issues in Old Testament Criticism (3 hours)
A survey of critical issues relating to the interpretation of the Old Testament. (Prerequisite: BSOT 500 or equivalent.)

BSOT 641 Genesis (3 hours)
A study of the historical background and critical problems relating to this book followed by exegetical analysis. Emphasis is placed upon structuring devices and motifs that clarify the purpose of the book.

BSOT 642 Exodus (3 hours)
A study of the historical background and critical problems relating to this book, followed by exegetical analysis. Emphasis is placed upon the Sinai Covenant and the role of worship in Israel’s national life.

BSOT 645 Deuteronomy (3 hours)
A study of the historical background and critical problems relating to this book, followed by exegetical analysis. Links between this text and the larger trajectory of Israel’s history are explored.

BSOT 650-653 History of Israel (3 hours)
A survey of sources and contexts used in the study of the history of Israel. Emphasis is placed on the Biblical narrative and current efforts to integrate it into the larger history of the region.

BSOT 650 Period of Origins (also listed as BSCS 650)

BSOT 651 The Monarchy (also listed as BSCS 651)

BSOT 652 The Exile and the End of an Era (also listed as BSCS 652)

BSOT 653 The Intertestamental Period (also listed as BSCS 653 and BSNT 653)

BSOT 661 Isaiah (3 hours)
A study of the historical background and critical problems relating to this book, followed by exegetical analysis. Tensions generated by a message of condemnation and hope are probed.

BSOT 662 Jeremiah (3 hours)
A study of the historical background and critical problems relating to this book, followed by exegetical analysis. Emphasis is placed on the role of Jeremiah as a vocal critic in the midst of a society in conflict.

BSOT 663 Ezekiel (3 hours)
A study of the historical background and critical problems relating to this book, followed by exegetical analysis. Effort is given to understanding Ezekiel’s ministry of hope and restoration to an exiled people.

BSOT 664 Daniel (3 hours)
A study of the historical background and critical problems relating to this book, followed by exegetical analysis. The sovereignty of God, eschatology, and the personal development of a “Kingdom perspective” are among discussion points.

BSOT 665 Minor Prophets (3 hours)
A study of the dynamic of Old Testament prophetism and resultant literature. Analysis is given to the historical and social background, rhetorical strategy, and contemporary application of the message of the Minor Prophets (Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi).

BSOT 671 Job & Lamentations (3 hours)
A study of the historical background and critical problems related to these books, followed by exegetical analysis. Applications to the problem of evil are probed.

BSOT 672 Psalms (3 hours)
An introduction to the various principles and forms of Hebrew poetry, followed by a study of prominent themes and exegetical difficulties. Practical and devotional uses of the text are explored.

BSOT 680 Seminars in Old Testament Studies (3 hours)
A focused study offered according to the expertise of instructors and interests of students. May be repeated for credit.

BSOT 790 Directed Study: Greek Exegesis (3 hours)
Independent study to be arranged with specific faculty members, with the approval of the Division Chair and the Dean of the Seminary.

BSOT 799 Thesis in Old Testament Studies (3 hours)


New Testament

BSNT 500 New Testament Foundations (3 hours)
An introduction to the history, literature, and interpretation of the New Testament for students without requisite academic preparation in NT studies. This course or the equivalent is a prerequisite for all other BSNT courses.

BSNT 520 Life & Teachings of Jesus (3 hours)
A study of Jesus’ teaching against the background of his life and death, focusing on critical and exegetical issues in the canonical Gospels.

BSNT 530 Life & Teaching of Paul (3 hours)
A presentation of the framework for how Paul produces his letters and the teaching therein against the background of his life and the social dynamics of the ancient world. Attention will be focused on moving from Paul’s production of ideas to their contemporary application.

BSNT 600 Issues in New Testament Criticism (3 hours)
A survey of critical issues, relating to the interpretation of the New Testament. (Prerequisite: BSNT 500 or equivalent.)

BSNT 620 Issues in the Synoptic Gospels (3 hours)
A study of selected issues, arising from the critical study of the Synoptic Gospels and the historical Jesus, as they affect contemporary Christian faith and proclamation.

BSNT 631 Romans (3 hours)
An exegetical study that includes investigation of background information and major themes.

BSNT 632 Corinthian Letters
A study of 1 & 2 Corinthians that emphasizes their socio-historical situations in the context of Paul’s mission, and their potential significance for issues confronting the contemporary church.

BSNT 635 Prison Epistles (3 hours)
An exegetical study of Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, and Philemon, analyzing both the central elements in Paul’s thought and his application of them in his interaction with the church. Attention is given to the way Paul’s gospel serves as a point of coherence for both theology and practice.

BSNT 636 Thessalonian Epistles (3 hours)
An exegetical study that includes consideration of background and critical issues. Attention is given to the eschatology and ethics of the letters.

BSNT 638 Pastoral Epistles (also listed as PMIN 648) (3 hours)
An exegetical study emphasizing themes in 1 and 2 Timothy and Titus. Discussion points include the historical setting of the letters, gender issues, and church leadership. (Also Offered Online)

BSNT 642 Epistle to the Hebrews (3 hours)
An exegetical study that includes an examination of critical and exegetical questions, with primary focus on the conceptual background and rhetorical structure of the argument of the book.

BSNT 643 Petrine Epistles & Jude (3 hours)
An exegetical study giving attention to critical issues, interpretive difficulties, and the theology of the letters.

BSNT 645 Book of Revelation (3 hours)
An exegetical study emphasizing how structuring devices and motifs unite and clarify the message of the text. The variety of interpretations surrounding this book is taken into account.

BSNT 650 Issues in Acts (3 hours)
A seminar course focusing on critical and theological issues in Acts with a view toward the contemporary application of the book.

BSNT 653 The Intertestamental Period (also listed as BSCS 653 and BSOT 653) (3 hours)
A survey of sources and contexts used in the study of the history of Israel. Emphasis is placed on the larger history of the region.

BSNT 654 Late 2nd Temple Judaism (also listed as BSCS 654) (3 hours)
A survey and analysis of social, political, religious and ideological issues in late second temple Judaism, and their relationship to the New Testament and early Christianity.

BSNT 655 Christianity and the Greco-Roman Period (also listed as BSCS 655) (3 hours)
A survey and analysis of social, religious, ethical and philosophical issues in the Greco-Roman world, and their relationship to the New Testament and early Christianity.

BSNT 660 Johannine Literature (3 hours)
An exegetical study emphasizing themes in the Fourth Gospel and 1, 2, and 3 John. Focused discussion is offered on the historical situation that produced these books and how their contents reflect this situation.

BSNT 680 Seminars in New Testament Studies
A focused study offered according to the expertise of instructors and interests of students. May be repeated for credit.

BSNT 790 Directed Study in New Testament Studies (1–3 hours)
Independent study to be arranged with specific faculty members, with the approval of the Biblical Studies Department Chair and the Dean of the Seminary.

BSNT 799 Thesis in New Testament Studies (3 hours)